Information about Pamir

Pamirs is a mountainous place in Tajikistan and is famous in the world with its Highs Mountains, Silk Road, and Lakes. Pamir is known as the Roof of the World and is situated in the Gorno–Badakhshan Autonomous Oblast in the eastern part of Tajikistan.

The city of Khorog (Khorugh, in Tajiki), is the administrative center of the Gorno-Badakhshan Autonomous oblast of the Republic of Tajikistan. It is located in the southwestern region of the oblast, some 2000m (6560 ft) above the sea level.

Pamir has an old history and the argument of this history is a place as Ishkashim and Murgab and fortresses such as Kahkaha (III-II B.C), Buddhist Stupa and Yamchun (IV-II B.C) and many other places, which are situated along the famous Silk Road.

Information about Pamir
Pamirs Languages:

Pamir languages – areal group of languages belonging to the eastern Iranian group of Iranian languages, spoken by Pamir nationalities. Distributed in the Pamirs in the Gorno- Badakhshan Autonomous Region (Badakhshan), Afghanistan, northern Pakistan and south-western Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region of China Pamirs is always waiting its’ guests who want to know about it and give them unforgettable impression

Pamirs Languages:

Regions of Tajikistan

The Gorno-Badakhshan Autonomous Oblast (oblast means “province” in Russian) is the official name of the Tajik half of the region of Badakhshan, the other half being in Afghanistan to the south. It is separated from Afghanistan by the Pyanj River in the south, and borders China in the East and Kyrgyzstan and Uzbekistan in the North and West. The province is almost entirely mountainous, having virtually no level or arable land. The largest mountains in the Pamir and Tien Shan ranges are located in this region, up to 7,500m (26,000ft).

The only developed route into and out of most of the territory is the so-called “Pamir Highway”, running from Osh in Kyrgyzstan to Dushanbe; even this route is mostly unpaved and difficult to travel. Included in the Soviet Union on January 12, 1925, Gorno-Badakhshan has a population of (approximately 200,000) inhabitants. Along with its capital city of Kharogh in the Shughnan rayon, Gorno-Badakhshan consists of the following six rayons: Vanj, Ishkashim, Murghab, Rushan, and Qal’a-i Khumb.

The majority of the population (91.5%) is Tajik. There are also large Kyrgyz and community in the oblast. Many passes of 3,000-5,000m, located along this and other connecting routes, need to be crossed to enter or leave GBAO. The largest ethic group is known as Pamiri, who are closely ethnically and culturally related to the Tajik people and speak many different dialects of Persian language. Although the province makes up 45% of the land area of Tajikistan, it represents only 3% of the population. The population density is also staggeringly low at one person per 2.5sq km! Economic activity is mostly related to livestock herding and mining, and many Pamiris and Kyrgyz here live a subsistence lifestyle. It is almost completely autonomous from the central Tajikistan government, having its own police, military and tax systems. Its capital is Khorog


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