A new series (hopefully) of posts on Archaeology in Tajikistan

Posted: October 9, 2012 in History

Notable archaeological excavations in the Pamirs

1946 First archaeological research conducted by A.N. Bernshtam

1947 Exacavation of Saka kurgans at Ak Beit and Tamdy by Bernshtam
V.I. Ratsek, a traveller-mountaineer, published his archaeological observations
Excavations by B.A. Litvinskiy of kurgans across Eastern Pamirs, including those of the Yashil Kul and Zor Kul lakes and the valleys of Istyk and Jarty Gumbez

1956 V.A. Ranov began his survey of Stone Age settlements, which lead to the discovery of Karatumshuk, the largest site of the period

1957 The highest habitation in the world, Oshkhona – a Mesolithic settlement dating from 8500 BC – unearthed in the valley of the Markansu by V. Ranov. Excavations continued until 1960.

1958 Red pigment cave paintings found in Shakhty cave, population thought to be contemporaries of Oshkona.

1964 M.A. Bubnova begins excavation (completed in 1975) of the medieval mining city of Bazar-Dara, situated in a narrow valley at almost 4000 m.
Kurgan excavation in Murghab by M.A. Bubnova, who researched geoglyphs, or geometric stone figures found on the ground connected with Saka graves. These included the geoglyphs of Shurali and, more recently, those of Karaart on the shores of Lake Kara Kul.
Excavation of Djanshangoz, a settlement bordering Eastern and Western Pamir, by M.A. Bubnova

1978 Excavation of Istyk Cave, dating from 7000 B.C. and bearing signs of a different cultural group than the population living in Oshkhona-Markansu

1980 Jukov revisits Oshkhona



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